The "Renaissance" of the Twelfth Century
This course examines key intellectual, social and political developments in Europe during the twelfth century, and inquires after the afterlife of the "Renaissance" into the thirteenth century. Readings include works of literature (Chrétien de Troyes, lyric poetry of troubadours and Minnesinger, fables such as Roman de Renart), philosophy (Peter Abelard and scholasticism), and studies about the rise of the Gothic architectural style. The course takes up the Fourth Lateran Council and the history of the crusading movement in the first half of the thirteenth century. Taught in English.