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An International Conference "War, Revolution and Freedom: the Baltic Countries in the 20th Century"



Wednesday, October 8, 2014 - 9:00am - 5:30pm
Thursday, October 9, 2014 - 9:00am
Friday, October 10, 2014 - 9:00am


Stauffer Auditorium, Hoover Institution



An International Conference "War, Revolution and Freedom: the Baltic Countries in the 20th Century"


Wednesday, October 8



9:00 AM

Welcome Remarks – Eric T. Wakin, Robert H. Malott Director of Hoover Institution Library & Archives

Opening Remarks – Amir Weiner, Stanford University

9:15-10:45 AM – Chair: Amir Weiner

Toomas Hiio, Estonian War Museum. Multi-ethnic (or Multi-national) Student Body of the University of Tartu and the WW I: Choices, Political Movements, Volunteers, Mobilizations, and Postwar Consequences

Darius Staliunas, Lithuanian Institute of History. Anti-Jewish Violence in Lithuania at the Turn of the 20th Century

11:00 AM – 12:30 PM Chair: Aivars Stranga, The University of Latvia

Ēriks Jēkabsons, University of Latvia. The War for Independence of Latvia and the United States

Tomas Balkelis, Vilnius University. Paramilitarism in Lithuania: Violence, Civic Activism and Nation-making, 1918–1920

Bert Patenaude, Stanford University. “Yankee Doodle: American Attitudes toward Baltic Independence, 1918–1921”

12:30 – 2:15 PM Lunch break

4:30 PM Keynote address (We are at capacity and are no longer accepting reservations for the keynote address)

Vaira Viķe-Freiberga, President of the Club of Madrid, Former President of Latvia. Against All Odds: The Path of the Baltic States to the EU and NATO. Introduced by Eric T. Wakin, Robert H. Malott Director of Library & Archives, Hoover Institution, and Norman Naimark, Robert and Florence McDonnell Professor in East European Studies, Stanford University

5:30 PM:  Reception at the Hoover Institution


Thursday, October 9



9:00-10:45 AM Chair: Magnus Ilmjärv, Тallinn University

Ineta Lipša, Institute of History of Latvia. Interwar History of Latvia: the Gender Aspects

Aivars Stranga, University of Latvia. Kārlis Ulmanis' Regime: Politics, Economics, Culture

Andres Kasekamp, Tartu University. The Estonian Radical Right in the 1930s: The Collapse of Democracy and the Rise of Authoritarianism. 

11:00 AM – 12:15 PM Chair: David Holloway, Stanford University

Arturas Svarauskas, Lithuanian Institute of History. Regime, Society, and Political Tensions in Lithuania, 1938–1940.

Magnus Ilmjärv, Тallinn University. Munich Pact and the Baltic States, 1938 – The Fateful Year for the Baltic States.

12:15 – 2:00 PM Lunch break

2:00 – 3:15 PM Chair: Norman Naimark, Stanford University

Saulius Sužiedėlis, Millersville University, Pennsylvania. The Nazi Occupation and the Holocaust in Reichskommissariat Ostland: Conflicting Narratives and Memories

Uldis Neiburgs, Museum of the Occupation of Latvia. Latvia, Nazi German Occupation, and the Western Allies, 1941–1945

3:30 – 4:45 PM Chair: Gabriella Safran, Stanford

Ene Kõresaar, Tartu University. World War II in Estonian Memory and Commemoration

Kristina Burinskaitė, The Genocide and Resistance Research Centre of Lithuania. The KGB Search of War Criminals in the West and the Attempts to Discredit Lithuanian Emigration




Friday, October 10



9:00 – 10:15 AM Chair: Katherine Jolluck, Stanford University

Aigi Rahi-Tamm, Tartu University. Doubly Marginalized People: the Hidden Stories of Breaking Trust between People in Estonian Society (1940–1960)

Daina Bleiere, Rīga Stradiņš University. Women in the Soviet Latvian Nomenclature (1940–1987)

10:30 AM – 12:15 PM Chair: Darius Staliunas, Lithuanian Institute of History

Saulius Grybkauskas, Lithuanian Institute of History. The Second Secretaries of Communist Parties in the Soviet Baltic Republics during 1944–1990

David Beecher, University of California, Berkeley. A Tale of Two Scholars:  Paul Ariste and Yuri Lotman

Gail Lapidus, Stanford University. The Baltic National Movements and the End of the USSR

12:15 – 2:00 PM Lunch Break

2:00 – 3:15 PM Chair: Paul Roderick Gregory, Hoover Institution

Elga Zalīte, Green Library. The Rev. Richards Zariņš Collection in Stanford University Libraries as a Source for the Study of the Post-World War II Latvian Emigration in the United States

David Jacobs, Hoover Institution Archives. Stateless Representatives: Baltic Diplomats during World War II and the early Cold War

3:30 – 4:15 PM Chair: Saulius Sužiedėlis, Millersville University, Pennsylvania

Maciej Siekierski, Hoover Institution Archives. Baltic Collections and Scholarship at the Hoover Institution

Liisi Esse, Green Library. The Baltic Studies Program of Stanford University Libraries

6:00 – 8:00 PM, Cubberley Auditorium, Education Building, 485 Lasuen Mall

Latvian film director Pēteris Krilovs will present his documentary Obliging Collaborators (2014)


The conference is organized by Lazar Fleishman (Slavic Department) and Amir Weiner (History Department) and sponsored by the following:


School of the Humanities and Sciences

Stanford Global Studies Division  

The Europe Center

Stanford University Libraries

Division of Literatures, Cultures, & Languages

Department of Slavic Languages and Literatures

History Department

Taube Center for Jewish Studies

Center for Russian, East European and Eurasian Studies

Stanford Humanities Center